How you can Connect with a Docker Container

Connecting to a operating Docker container is useful whenever you need to see what is going on contained in the container. If the Docker container doesn’t work as anticipated, you possibly can connect to the container or get a shell to the container and run instructions similar to ps or high. You may as well enter the container, set up new packages, and construct a brand new Docker picture from it.

On this tutorial, we are going to clarify find out how to connect to the container’s most important operating course of and find out how to get a shell to a operating container.

Connect to a Container #

Though it’s potential to run a number of processes in a container, most docker containers are operating solely a single course of. The command that’s executed when beginning a container is specified utilizing the ENTRYPOINT and/or RUN instruction.

The docker connect command means that you can connect your terminal to the operating container. That is helpful whenever you need to see what’s written in the usual output in real-time, or to regulate the method interactively.

To raised perceive how the connect command works let’s run a brand new indifferent Nginx container utilizing the official Nginx picture.

docker container run –name my_nginx -d -p 8080:80 nginx

The -p 8080:80 possibility tells Docker to map port 80 within the container to port 8080 on the host machine.

Listing the containers to ensure the “my_nginx” container is operating:

8e1c4974a8d8 nginx “nginx -g ‘daemon of…” three minutes in the past Up 2 seconds>80/tcp my_nginx

Connect to the container utilizing the container’s ID or title:

docker container connect my_nginx

The default command of the nginx picture which is executed whenever you run the container is ready to CMD [“nginx”, “-g”, “daemon off;”]. Once you run the connect command your terminal attaches to the nginx course of.

Open in your browser and you may watch the output of the nginx course of in actual time. – – [04/Oct/2019:21:12:28 +0000] “GET / HTTP/1.1” 200 612 “-” “Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/77.0.3865.75 Safari/537.36” “-” – – [04/Oct/2019:21:12:28 +0000] “GET /favicon.ico HTTP/1.1” 404 555 “” “Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/77.0.3865.75 Safari/537.36” “-”

To get entry to the container logs it’s best to choose utilizing the docker logs command.

To detach from the container with out stopping it, use the CTRL-p CTRL-q key mixture. Urgent CTRL-c stops the container.

If the operating processes you might be attaching to accepts enter, you possibly can ship directions to it.

Get a Shell to a Container #

The docker exec command means that you can run instructions inside a operating container.

To see how the exec command works and the way it may be used to enter the container shell, first, begin a brand new container. We’ll use the official MySQL picture:

docker container run –name my_mysql -d mysql

This can create a container named “my_mysql”.

To execute a command contained in the container run the next command:

docker container exec -it my_mysql ls /var

The -i possibility stands for interactive, and -t tells Docker to allocate a pseudo TTY system. The ls command will checklist all information and directories inside container’s /var listing:

backups cache lib native lock log mail choose run spool tmp

To get a shell to the container i.e., to enter contained in the container, begin a brand new shell session by executing the shell binary. You should use sh, bash, or another shell that’s included within the picture.

The command under will create a brand new Bash session contained in the container:

docker container exec -it my_mysql /bin/bash

Your command immediate will change, indicating that you simply’re now engaged on the container shell.

From right here, you possibly can run instructions in the identical method as you’ll do on another Linux server. For instance, to get a listing of the present surroundings variables kind env:


The output will look one thing like this:


Conclusion #

The docker exec and docker connect instructions permit you to connect with a operating container. To get an interactive shell to a container, use the exec command to begin a brand new shell session. The connect command attaches your terminal to a operating container.

If in case you have any questions, please depart a remark under.


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